Prairie Willow - Salix humilis
Features: Bees, beetles, butterflies, moths and birds are attracted to this shrub. Its dense foliage provides nesting crannies for several bird species. In the past, the Native Dakota tribe made a restorative tea from prairie willow bark.
The Prairie Willow blooms early, providing nectar and pollen at a time when other food sources are low. This is a host plant for Mourning Cloak, Viceroy, and Red-spotted Purple butterflies.
Willows support 455 insect species, 3rd to Black Cherry (456 species) and Oak (534 species).
Light: full or partial sun
Soil: dry to medium
Height: 4 to 6 ft.
Width: 4 to 6 ft.
Blooms: early spring
Flower color: yellow white
Fall color: yellow
Special note: butterfly host and nectar plant